Pablos, Juan, d. 1561? (Giovanni Paoli, Ioanes Paulus Bressensis, Ioā. Pau. Brissē)

Juan Pablos was from Brescia, (Lombardy) Italy, and married Jerónima (Gerónima) Gutiérrez (also Jerónima Núñez), who was probably from Andalucia. It was probable that Pablos was employed in Cromberger’s press when he signed the contract to work in Mexico. There are indications that having frequented university lecture halls while in Italy, he knew and could write Latin well. Pablos arrived in Mexico in the fall of 1539 and worked in accord with his contract and the privilege (monopoly) that the House of Cromberger had.

After Cromberger’s death in 1540, Pablos sought the end of the contract and the revocation of the monopoly from Cromberger’s heirs via petitioning various Spanish authorities, but it was not until 1548 that he could print his name in books, indicating that he had secured the rights to publish. As the next step, Pablos attempted to transfer the monopoly on printing to himself from his former employer, Comberger; the viceroy granted this in July 1548 for a period of 6 years on the condition that this was approved by the monarchy. This grant was renewed in 1554 for another 4 years. The monopoly that Pablos enjoyed was lost in 1559 – in part from the efforts of Antonio de Espinosa, a contracted employee who became a competitor.

Juan Pablos died in August 1561, leaving his printing shop to his wife and children. Jerónima Gutiérrez leased the print shop to Pedro Ocharte in 1563 after he had married María de Figueroa, daughter of Pablos & Gutiérrez, in 1561 or 1562.

Information abstracted from Medina, José Toribio. Historia de la imprenta en los antiguos dominios españoles de América y Oceanía, tomo 1°. Santiago de Chile: Fondo Histórico y Bibliográfico José Toribio Medina, 1958 (pp 93 - 100).